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MERIT VS. EQUITY IN
HIGHER EDUCATION

The (ongoing) research detailed in this section is concerned with what I regard as a deterioration of merit as the sole criterion of the evaluation of the academic community (both students and faculty). The research has been funded mainly by the Donner Canadian Foundation and partly both by the Horowitz Foundation and by the University of Toronto Administration (a generous gesture, as it and I continue to disagree about this issue). I have divided these writings into conceptual and empirical. The latter section contains systematically analyzed data which, at least in principle, may be useful for both the "merit" and "equity" camps.


CONCEPTUAL CRITICISMS OF THE EQUITY/AFFIRMATIVE ACTION CAMPUS MOVEMENT

  1. Glad to see U of T Recognizes Conflict Between Merit and Equity (2007)
  2. University of Toronto Tenure-stream Advertising Statement (2007) that indicates wish to achieve equality of outcome and not just of opportunity, and that asserts that using merit alone can result in "unfair" discrimination
  3. Dubious Partnership: Equity and excellence are not equivalent (2007)
  4. Sex-preferential rather than merit-preferential hiring for maths and hard sciences in top universities is a case of relying not on a pool, but a puddle, of talent (2006)
  5. Equity vs. Merit-oriented Approaches to Identifying Genuine Academic Disciplines (correspondence arising from http://www.psych.utoronto.ca/~furedy/Papers/me/
    UTB12JunM.doc
    ) (2006)
  6. No Race Preferential Treatment Either for Murderers or Applicants for Tenure-stream Faculty Positions: Act-based vs. Actor-based Ethics (2006)
  7. High Time Equity Program Subject to Detached Review (2006)
  8. Equity Hiring as a Manifestation of Institiutional Prejudice (2005)
  9. A Critique of the General Principles Underlying "Equity" in Faculty Hiring (2005).
  10. Although meant as a jest, many a true word is said (2005)
  11. The Proportionality Game: Biological Versus Intellectual Diversity (2004)
  12. More Diversity Debates: (2004)
  13. Excellence Through Diversity (2003)
  14. Excellence Through Equity - Confronting the Tension in Universities (2003)
  15. Quotas Help No One (2003)
  16. Diversity Debates: (2002)
  17. Panel/Discusssion: The Moral Bankruptcy of Diversity/Equity Hiring Policies for University Faculty: Empirical, Logical and Ethical Considerations (2002)
  18. Diversity or Conformity? (2002)
  19. Canada Research Chairs Politicized (2002)
  20. Linking The Diversity Of Peoples' Sex, Race, Etc. With The Diversification Of Ideas: Who's Being Racist And Sexist Here? (2002)
  21. Presdient Atkinsons' Opposition to the Use of SAT I (2001)
  22. Spousal Hiring, Society for Academic Freedom Newsletter, January 2001
  23. Views on Diversity Differ (2000)
  24. Is Birgeneau A Social Engineer? (2000)
  25. Enlightened vs. Ignorant Ways of Fighting Discrimination: The Martin Luther King Perspective (1998)
  26. The Silent Equity Studies Debate (1998)
  27. Panel Presents Perspectives on Diversity in Higher Education (1997)
  28. Academic Diversity Examined (1997)
  29. The Silent Equity Studies Debate (1997)
  30. Political Correctness and the Culture of Comfort: An Impediment to Observation, Objectivity, and the Conflict of Ideas (1997)
  31. The Continuing Saga of the Post-NDP-Era Employment Equity Survey at UofT (1995)
  32. Unpublished Letter to the Globe and Mail (1994) regarding the editorial "Time for a Debate on Employment Equity"
  33. Unpublished Letter to the Toronto Star (1994) regarding the NDP government's Employment Equity Act
  34. Three pro-employment-equity propaganda posters produced by EE (extremist equity) Ontario NDP government in 1994. In 1995, the Progressive Conservative Government abolished employment equity, but this had minimal impact on the universities (see, e.g., http://www.safs.ca/jan2001/equity.html).
  35. On How Emphasis On "Equity" Can Destroy Merit In Tenure-Stream Hiring (1987)
  36. An Early Statement of the Society for Academic Freedom's Merit Principle Applied to Students, but also Applicable to Faculty (1979)

 

SYSTEMATIC EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTS OF EQUITY/AFFIRMATIVE POLICIES ON THE HIRING OF TENURE-STREAM FACULTY

This research employs methods of multi-factorial anlyses used by experimental psychologists, where the "subjects" are tenure-strea advertisements, the factors observed are such independent variables as academic status, discipline hardness, location, and time (usually before and after some signifciant political events such as the abolition of employment equity 1995 in Ontario, or the passing of the "anti-affirmative-action" Proposition 13 in 1997 in California), and the dependent variables are rated degrees of emphasis (on a 7-point scale) on merit and equity. These ratings are conducted by student raters, who participate in the research not only as raters, but also in discussions concerning the design of each study. For photograph of one of these discussions, see discussion photo. Note that I and my colleagues are conducting our discussion with an old-fashioned black-board, rather than slides or power point.

  1. Balance Between Merit and Equity in Academic Hiring Decisions (2010)
  2. Tenure-Stream Advertisements Before and After the 1995 "Common Sense Revolution" (2003)
  3. Latent or Even Unconscious(?) Influences on Equity and Merit Phraseologies in Canadian Tenure-Stream Advertisements (2002)
  4. Judgmental Content Analysis of Canadian Tenures-Stream Advertisements to Assess Latent Influences on Institutional Commitment to Affirmative Action This is Technical Report #1 to the Donner Canadian Foundation (November, 2001)
  5. Employment "Equity" Steamrolls Conservative Government (2001)
  6. University Employment Equity Commitment Unaffected by Provincial Politics (2001)
  7. Provincial Politics Fail to Affect Employment Equity Commitment in Universities (2001)

 

LIE DETECTION

BIOFEEDBACK: A SCIENTIFIC, SPECIFIC-EFFECTS APPROACH

PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF
PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS

ACADEMIC FREEDOM

TEACHING IN HIGHER EDUCATION

THE
NORTH AMERICAN
BIOETHICS INDUSTRY

REALISM APPLIED TO
THE DISCIPLINE OF PSYCHOLOGY

SEX DIFFFERENCES IN COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS

POLITICAL AND SOCIAL COMMENTARY

RECALLING LATE MEMBERS OF THE "DEMOCRACY OF THE INTELLECT"


FUREDY RESEARCH ADVISING INC.

 




DANIEL BERLYNE
(1924-76):
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS

 

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