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Hasher, L., & Johnson, M. K. (1975). Interpretive factors in forgetting. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 1, 567-575.


The results of two experiments point to interpretative factors operating during acquisition that determine long-term retention In the first study, the profound decrement associated with forgetting a second-learned list, or proactive inhibition, was shown to be the product of poorer encodings assigned to List 2 than to List 1 pairs. Post hoc analyses suggested that the type of interpretation assigned to the stimulus is an important determinant of retention. The second experiment contrasted two study methods, one that emphasized the stimulus member of the pair with one that did not, and found superior long-term retention under the stimulus-determining learning method.

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