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Hasher, L., Goggin, J., & Riley, D. A. (1973). Learning and interference effects in short-term memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 101, 1-9.


The present experiment used essentially a transfer-of-training paradigm to study the fate of individual items in the Brown-Peterson paradigm. The Ss first received 3 tests on triads that came from the same taxonomic category. This was followed by 3 tests on triads from a new category. In the second half of the experiment Ss received either a third category (Release), the first presented category with the same items (Same), the first-presented category with different items (Different), or they continued with the items from the second category (Control). "Learning" effects were found in Condition Same, "interference" effects the Condition Different, and release from proactive inhibition effects in Condition Release. Together with evidence from a final recall test, these data present strong evidence for specific items being stored and retained across successive Brown-Peterson tests, despite the typically observed massive interference.

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